Reserva Natural Hacienda La Esperanza Manatí, PR
historical site


Located in the municipality of Manatí, on the northern coast of Puerto Rico, the Hacienda La Esperanza Nature Reserve offers visitors the opportunity to explore several distinct ecosystems, as well as some of the island’s history.

These 2,265 acres of land once belonged to Spanish military man Fernando Fernández. His eldest son, José Ramón, made La Esperanza one of the largest and most advanced sugarcane plantations in Puerto Rico during the second half of the 19th century.

The renovated estate house offers a glimpse into this bygone era when “sugar was king” and slavery still played a major role in production. Outside, there is plenty more to see, including the remains of the La Esperanza sugar mill, a square chimney from the pre-industrialized era, and a 1861 West Point Foundry beam engine – the only one of its kind known to have survived. Still quite an impressive piece of machinery, the engine was named a National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 1979.

The Reserve is also comprised of valuable ecological resources, including forests, wetlands, estuaries, alluvial plains, and several beaches – ten ecosystems in total. The Playa Machuca stands out for its dark sands, due to the magnetite mineral deposits transported to its coast by the Río Grande de Manatí.

Acquired by the Conservation Trust of Puerto Rico in 1975 and listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, the Hacienda La Esperanza Nature Reserve is one of the island’s most precious assets.